K-1 is a sport of combat and a discipline in Tokyo, Japan, founded in 1993 by Kazuyoshi, where it has the greatest circulation. In addition to kickboxing, K-1 combines techniques that come from various sports and martial arts such as Muay Thai, Taekwondo, Karate, Savate, Boxing, and Kickboxing.
It experienced a decline and it was not until the 90s with the K-1 Grand Prix, that Kickboxing returned to experience an increase in popularity again. The final of the heavyweight tournament in 2002 came to gather more than 70,000 spectators in the impressive Tokyo Dome stadium and consolidated the K-1 as the most popular contact sport in the world.
Unfortunately, the financial and legal problems of the organization and its creator, Karate master Kazuyoshi Ishii, led K-1 almost to the brink of disappearance. In 2006, it took place the last multitudinous final of this sport in the Tokyo Dome, and little by little it was diluting until almost getting to disintegrate.
Here we share some insights and useful guides on common techniques used in MMA and K-1.
The fighters collide their gloves and the referee start the fight. Only the referee stops the time to give some indication, and for the judges to score. This modality is similar to the karate-Do combats where blows with the legs and punches are allowed both in the head and in the trunk.
The fighters fight continuously until the referee pronounces “Stop” or “Break”. Full Contact movements are used such as boxing hits and kicks from Karate or Taekwondo, but they are strictly regulated. For example, low kicks to the thighs, knees, elbows, or grabs or throws are not allowed.
The objective of the combat is the knockout of the opponent. All the techniques of Boxing, Karate and Taekwondo are accepted except for open-hand punches. In addition, the twist cuffs and sweeps are applied to the legs.
The hand techniques that are considered valid in K-1 are all the punching of Spinning Back Fist, the grip of hands or clinch, the grip with one or two hands to strike with the knee, both in head and torso. The allowed foot movements are: the front, circular, lateral kicks, hook kick, and ax kicks. Sweeping at ground level and Low-kick movements are also allowed both inside and outside the cage.
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